Tag: Skin Cancer

A Closer Look at the Different Types of Skin Cancer Prevalent in the US

A Closer Look at the Different Types of Skin Cancer Prevalent in the US

According to the American Academy of Dermatologists Association (AADA), carcinoma of the skin cells is the most common form of cancer occurring in Americans. AAD research estimated that on a daily basis, about 9,500 U.S. residents are diagnosed with skin cancer. Approximately 3 million people in America have non-melanoma carcinoma, while around 1 million Americans suffer from melanoma, the rare but more serious from of skin cancer.

Over exposure to the sun’s harmful ultraviolet or UV radiation is the most common cause of skin cancer. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gives advice for people in North America to avoid exposure to the sun between 10:00 in the morning up to 4:00 in the afternoon. Primarily because the hours in between are the period when the sun’s radiation is the strongest even during cloudy or snowy days.

Moreover, it would be best to consult with a dermatologist about the appropriate sunscreen to use, since different types of skin require different levels of sun protection factor (SPF). Most dermatology clinics today include sunscreens or sun creams with different SPF in their line of private label products, since not all patients tend to experience sunburn at the same rate as others.

Three Types of Skin Cancer

There are three types of skin cancer, two of them, namely basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are classified as the non-melanoma type. The melanoma type on the other hand, refers to cancer cells that disrupt the function of the melanocytes, the mature melanin-producing, melanoma cells.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

The basal cells of the skin are the small round cells forming the innermost layer of the epidermis. These cells continuously divide to grow new cells, whilst pushing the older cells toward the skin surface. The mature basal cells become the outer membrane of the epidermis, to normally die and eventually be shed off.

However, on surface skin areas that have been frequently sunburned or exposed to the sun, basal cells already on the surface do not shed off. Instead, they form a pearly white, brown or glossy black bump with a raised border. The bump will continue to amass cells that are being pushed to the surface. The translucent bump can become a lesion or sore that does not heal that later develops into a cancerous tumor

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cells are the fish scale-like cells that make up the tissues on the surface of the skin and in the linings of the respiratory tracts, digestive tracts and other hollow body organs. Squamous cell carcinoma usually occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to UV radiation from the sun or radiation produced by tanning lamps or beds.

Although squamous cell carcinoma is not life-threatening, it is capable of spreading to other parts of the body where squamous cells are found. If it does spread, the incidence can cause serious complications on the health of the afflicted individual.

Melanoma Cell Carcinoma

Melanoma is a skin cancer that develops when the melanin producing melanocytes grow out of control.Melanin is the substance that gives the tan or brown color to the skin to provide protection to the inner or deeper layers of the epidermis against the harmful effects of the sun’s rays.

Melanoma cell carcinomas can take place on any skin surface but are more likely to develop on the neck and face.
Melanoma is the less common of type of skin cancer but is regarded as the more dangerous form of carcinoma as can spread quickly to other skin areas if not detected and treated early.

Raising Public Awareness about the Harms of Overexposure to the Sun

Raising Public Awareness about the Harms of Overexposure to the Sun

The popular belief that a glowing natural skin color obtained from being exposed to the sun while protected by  sunscreen, is a sign of a healthy skin complexion. Not many are aware that overexposure to the sun’s rays has negative effects, including risks of developing skin cancer and rapid skin aging.

It is actually sun exposure that causes most of the changes in our skin, which we tend perceive as a normal part of the aging process. Long periods of exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) light, damage the elastin which are the fibers in our skin. When the elastin breaks down, the skin loses its elasticity, it starts to sag and stretch, bruises and tears easily and takes longer to heal.

Moreover, the sun can also damage the tissues of the skin around your eyes, the eyes, and the eyelids.

About Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is a disease in which there is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells that grow rapidly and haphazardly. The growth can result in tumors that are either malignant (cancerous) or benign (non cancerous). There are actually three types of skin cancer, namely:melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

The last two, make up 95% of all skin cancers and are considered to be the less serious types. They are also called non-melanoma skin cancers , denoting that they can be cured when treated early.

Melanoma on the other hand, consists of melanocytes, which are abnormal skin pigment cells. It is also considered as the most serious type of skin cancer, as it accounts for 75% of all skin cancer-related deaths. If left untreated, the melanocytes can  spread to other organs.

Generally, most cases skin cancers are due to excessive exposure to UV rays.  Still, there are other sources of ultraviolet rays that come from man-made technology such as sun lamps and indoor tanning beds.

Even though the sun is the main source of the harmful rays, it doesn’t mean you have to stay out of the sun completely. Simply limiting one’s UV exposure by wearing protective clothing and staying in the shade most of the time are still the best methods of  preventing skin cancer . Even with proper sunscreen use, UV rays can  get through and burn the skin, since sunscreens only act as filters and not as a complete shield from the sun.

Why Korean Sun Screens are Popular

The cosmetics industry of South Korea has created chemical sun filters with light-weight formula, suitable for any type of skin. Korea is considered as one of few countries wtih advanced technologies for skin care without using animals to test the efficiency of the products.

Sunscreens with chemical filters zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are deemed as the safest barriers against UV rays.  However, most Koreans did not find favor with the way they leave white casts on the skin. White casts especially for Korean celebrities can be a turn off since they have to mind their appearances.

That is why the popular sunscreens in Korean skincare today are those jam-packed with natural ingredients. Mainly because these ingredients can control sebum production and at the same time, promote a soothing effect. These natural ingredients include aloe vera, chamomile, calendula, avocado, and gotu kola. It provides immediate feeling of freshness, which can be very helpful during summer when the weather is hot.

Moreover many brown-skinned Korean celebrities are gaining popularity as Korean hip hop icons, Nevertheless Korean pop stars like Hyori Lee, are giving Cosmetic Recommendation for natural sun screens as skin protection